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    Folic acid, 5 mg tablets

    Drug formTablets

    ATC categoryVitamins, Multivitamins, Microelements

    ATC subcategoryVitamins

    Brand nameFolic acid

    Generic nameFolic acid

    What folic acid tablets are and what they are used for

    Folic Acid Tablets contains folic acid, a vitamin essential in the production and maintenance of new cells.

    Folic Acid Tablets are used in the treatment and prevention of:

    • anaemia due to a lack of folic acid in adults and children,
    • anaemia in pregnancy,
    • anaemia, as a side effect from treatment with certain medicines,
    • anaemia due to damaged red blood cells,
    • anaemia in patients on kidney dialysis.

    Folic acid Tablets can also be given to some women before and during pregnancy to prevent spina bifida (an abnormality of the spine) in babies, which can be caused by deficiency of this vitamin.

     
    What you need to know before you take folic acid tablets

    Do not take Folic Acid Tablets:

    • if you are allergic to folic acid or to any of the other ingredients of this medicine
    • if you have cancer (unless you have anaemia due to a deficiency of folic acid)
    • if you have untreated vitamin B12 deficiency, for example some types of anaemia and in vegetarians
    • if you suffer from pernicious anaemia (a disorder preventing the absorption of vitamin B12) or could be suffering from a lack of vitamin B12.

    Warnings and precautions
    Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Folic Acid Tablets

    • if you are undergoing haemodialysis due to kidney failure,
    • if you are receiving a coronary stent,
    • if you suffer from pernicious anaemia (a disorder preventing the absorption of vitamin B12) or could be suffering from a lack of vitamin B12,
    • if you have a tumour. Care needs to be taken in patients with certain tumours.

     

    Other medicines and Folic Acid Tablets
    Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines. The following medicines can affect or be affected by treatment with Folic Acid Tablets:

    • phenytoin, phenobarbital and primidone (used to control epileptic fits),
    • Fluorouracil, a drug used to treat certain tumours,
    • antibiotics. Some antibiotics (trimethoprim and sulphonamides, sometimes combined as co-trimoxazole) reduce the effect of folic acid. All antibiotics can interfere with folic acid blood test results,
    • Some indigestion remedies (edible clay and antacids containing aluminium or magnesium). Allow at least a two hour gap between taking your Folic Acid Tablets and indigestion remedies.
    • Preparations containing zinc such as vitamins or food supplements (this may be important in
      pregnancy).
    • sulfasalazine, used to treat the inflammatory bowel conditions ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
    • cholestyramine, used to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood.

     

    Pregnancy and breast-feeding
    This medicine can be taken in pregnancy to treat anaemia. If you are breast feeding please speak with your doctor before taking this medicine.

    Driving and using machinery
    This medicine should not affect your ability to drive a car or operate machinery.

     

    Folic Acid Tablets contains lactose.
    If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.

     
    How to take folic acid tablets

    Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor if you are not sure. Your doctor will decide the right dose and how long to take Folic Acid Tablets. Unless told otherwise, swallow your tablet with water.

    The recommended doses are as follows:

    Anaemia
    Adults and children over 1 year:
    One tablet a day for the treatment of anaemia or one tablet everyone to seven days for the prevention of anaemia (depending on diet and underlying disease).

    Children less than 1 year of age:
    500 micrograms per kilogram of body weight daily.

    For possibility of Folic Acid Tablets dosage in children with different weight, you may also take Folic Acid Tablets 1 mg.

    Prevention of spina bifida:
    One tablet a day, starting before conception and continuing for the first three months of pregnancy.

    If you take more Folic Acid Tablets than you should
    If you (or anybody else, including a child), takes more Folic Acid Tablets than you should, it is unlikely that this medicine will cause any harm. If you are at all concerned contact your doctor. Always take the carton and this leaflet with you.

    If you forget to take Folic Acid Tablets
    If you forget a dose, take another as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose,
    then do not take the missed dose at all. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.

    Possible side effects

    Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

    As can happen with any medicine, a few people may develop an allergic reaction (hypersensitivity) or a severe allergic reaction (anaphylactic reaction). If you experience any of the following, seek medical help immediately:

    • itchy/red skin, rash, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat or difficulty breathing or swallowing, shock (cold sweaty skin, weak pulse, dry mouth, dilated pupils).

     

    The side effects that some patients have had with Folic Acid Tablets are:

    • loss of appetite (anorexia)
    • feeling sick
    • bloating of the stomach
    • flatulence (wind)
    • worsening of the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency. Folic acid should never be used to treat anaemia without a full investigation of the cause.

     

    How to store folic acid tablets
    • Keep out the sight and reach of children. Store at temperature 15°C – 25°C, in a place protected from moisture. Protect from light.
    • Shelf life – 3 years. Do not take after the expiry date on the packaging. The expiry date refers to the last day of the month.
    • If the tablets show signs of ‘going off’ such as discolouration do not take this drug.
    • Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

     

    Contents of the pack and other information

    What Folic Acid Tablets contain
    One tablet contains:
    active substance – folic acid 5 mg;
    other ingredients – microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, povidone, sodium starch glycolate, magnesium stearate.

     

    What Folic Acid Tablets look like and contents of the pack
    Yellow scored on one side and beveled on both sides cylindrical tablets with a few small
    darker spots, the end surface of which are flat.

    2 blisters (1 blister packet with 24 tablets) (48 tablets) with leaflet in the cardboard box.
    5 blisters (1 blister packet with 10 tablets) (50 tablets) with leaflet in the cardboard box.

     

    Prescription status
    Prescription drug.